Proper Use and Care of a Boat’s Electrical System

By the time a boat gets a few years old, it will probably have a number of things in the electrical system that need to be updated or replaced. When an insurance surveyor comes along, he may end up handing the owner a long, and costly, list of things that need to be corrected.

An electrical system for a boat is much different than that of a house or even a car. Sea water is a fair conductor of electricity. Therefore, there are some additional rules on the materials and methods of installation when it comes to boats.

Materials & Equipment – It is important that only equipment and materials rated for marine application be used. The American Boat and Yacht Council has very stringent standards for this. Things like common household wire and wiring devices, as well as electrical equipment and appliances should not be used on boats. These things are not properly constructed, insulated or grounded and could either start a fire, or worse, result in an electrocution. Federal regulations require that all electrical devices that are used in the engine compartment or bilges be "ignition protected" means that they will not create a spark that can cause a fire or explosion.

Buying Older Boats – When buying a used or older boat, one of the things to pay close attention to is how much rigging and alterations there are in the electrical system. Sometimes there are quite a bit. In most cases, the owner may not even be aware of why things are constantly breaking down. Usually he blames it on the pump or motor when actually faulty wiring is the problem. You should be aware that on boats with poor electrical systems, the cost of straightening it out can be pretty high.

Electrical systems do not last forever. Over time boat systems degrade, particularly when it comes to the effects of corrosion. It is recommend that a boat have an electrical system survey once every 5 years. This does not take long and does not cost a lot of money. In fact it may save you hundreds of dollars in unwelcome headaches. In most cases, the survey will reveal the effects of damage which may need to be cleaned up, along with a few minor repairs. The advantage is in not allowing these problems to accumulate to the point that it becomes a big, costly job.

Adding New Equipment

Most boats, particularly smaller ones, are not designed with the idea of ​​adding new equipment, even though nearly everyone does. But the primary reason why systems get so messed up is a result from the attempt to force something in where there is no provision made for it.

California – The Best Center For Careers in Teaching

Over the past few years, the teaching career has become one of the major and most preferred professions in the United States. Many educational institutions and experts predict that in next few years the education industry will need to hire two million new teachers. Today it will not be wrong to state that the industry has gained great importance and was responsible for generating jobs for millions of people in the United States. If we carefully look at the present circumstances of the teacher ratio in various states of the United States, California ranks at the top level. The California's teacher work is the largest in the country, with more than 300,000 public school teachers serving a student population of over 6 million. In fact, California is one of the few states in the United States where teaching is one of the fastest growing careers.

Over the next decade, it is also estimated that public schools in the California will require hiring 195,000 teachers more. Rising student enrollment and an increase in the number of teachers retiring are few factors that have contributed to the growing demand for teachers. Although the state excels in agriculture, manufacturing, aerospace and entertainment, but this "land of golden opportunities" promises to be the most rewarding employment destination for teachers.

The state even offers several opportunities for teachers to find well-paying and satisfying jobs. In addition to this, the state even offers its teachers the highest salies in the nation. The teaching salies in this state have proven to be highly competitive with other professions requiring similar levels of education. According to the recent analysis done by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the state's $ 60,426 average elementary to secondary teacher salary is one of the highest in the nation. The following breakdown may further aggravate the salaries range, a teacher can earn in this state:

  • Elementary teacher salary: $ 58,850
  • Middle school teacher salary: $ 60,820
  • Secondary teacher salary: $ 61,970
  • Special education teacher salary: $ 60,306

This career even offers some additional benefits that may come along with being a teacher in any California school. These days many universities have programs that make it easy for teachers to get additional training and certification and the state holds teacher quality as a big factor in the overall effectiveness of their educational system. California teachers enjoy special incentives including bonuses, mortgage assistance and tax breaks. However, it is important to understand that like most states, the number of years of experience and the level of education can have a big impact on the salary of teachers in California as well.

If you are a teacher who likes the idea of ​​year-round sunshine, consider a teacher career in California. Although the employment outlook for teaching largely depends on one's experience, but if you are experienced in a subject that is previously understaffed, the probability of securing a well-paying job or participating in incentive programs can be very good in this state.

Telecommunications, the Next Generation

Irrespective of the geographical size of the country and its population, the telecommunications industry is likewise imperative for the financial system of any country as well the interests of the citizens living there. Formerly, the telecommunications sector comprried of the conventional landline telephone and television cable networks. At present, cellular phone services, Internet broadband networks, General Packet Radio Service and satellite television systems are the additional services which fall in the category of telecommunication.

Due to the advancement of technology in the telecommunication engineering, the globe is absolutely linked together. People from different parts of the world not only correspond very straightforwardly with each other, but they can also share boundless information with each other with the application of cell phones, internet and GPRS.

The telecommunication sector can be roughly divided into two divisions. First is the wired telecommunication and the other is the wireless telecommunication. Wireless telecommunication is the newest technology which is most preferred by people these days due to its simplicity and mobility.

The regular wired landlines telephones, wired television cable networks and wired internet connections are the prime models of wired telecommunication products. On the other hand, cellular phones, wireless internet connections like Wi-Fi technology and General Packet Radio Service are the significant instances of wireless telecommunication systems.

In wireless communication, the data is transferred from the basic source to the device users with the aid of radio towers. Cellular phones are the devices which have achieved recognition among people more rapidly than any other device of wireless communication.

Jewelry Making Kit Ideas for Kids

These jewelry making kit ideas include projects for both girls and boys. You may consider creating and selling kits like these as a business, or giving them as gifts, or using them to offer beading parties for kids.

Popular Projects for Teen / Kids Jewelry Making Kit

Children and teens love to make and wear jewelry. And a trendy jewelry project with a cool name can make a lot of sales!

These are some popular jewelry projects for kids of all ages to make. They are great designs to teach at a jewelry workshop or beading party, or to offer as kits.

1) Friendship Bracelet – for boys or girls. This has been a hot jewelry item for the past several years, with no sign oflining. Nice made with either "natural" beads, or colored glass / plastic ones, and strung on leather or hemp cord.

2) Friendship Anklet – similar to the bracelet above, except made ankle-size. (Less likely to be worn by boys.)

3) Surfer Dude / Surfer Chick Necklace – for boys or girls. A rustic choker-length necklace featuring a few beads and sometimes a small pendant. You can offer a variety of rugged, "natural" beads like clay, bone, horn, wood, recycled glass, etc. The beads and pendant are strung onto leather cord or rubber tubing, fastened with either sliding leather knots or a basemetal clasp. This is an especially popular teen / older kids jewelry making kit.

4) Princess Bracelet – an extremely popular jewelry making kit for girls. Possible components: large-hole beads to string on a pretty ribbon that ties onto the princess' wrist with a bow; beads to string on heavy-duty stretch cord; beads to string on beading wire and fastened with a basemetal toggle clasp. Pink and purple are a must in these designs.

5) Dragon-Bone Necklace – a popular jewelry making kit for boys. Simply provide a variety of bone beads and a few interesting spacer beads to string on leather cord and fasten off with sliding, adjustable knots.

6) Magic Bracelet – for boys or girls. An assortment of small magnetic hematite beads in a variety of shapes makes an endlessly fascinating toy as well as a piece of jewelry.

Tips for Creating a Jewelry Making Kit

Many of the commercially-made jewelry kits are disappointingly junky. They have a skimpy assortment of cheap components, flimsy tools, and poorly written instructions – packaged in a deceptively large box. It's very easy to create something that's vastly better than these!

When I create a jewelry making kit for workshops or for sale, I put myself in the customer's shoes – what would be excited to find in the kit? Here's an example of how I created some bead bracelet kits:

Each kit contained beads in a popular color scheme, with some nice contrast accent beads and at least one cool focal bead. I included an inspiring mix of bead colors, shapes, etc., and used a beadboard to measure how many inches of beads I was putting into each kit.

Then I tossed in a few extra inches of beads, so the recipient would have a good selection to design with, plus some leftover beads for other projects. I added a coil of leather stringing cord (cut a few inches longer than even the largest wrist would need), and instructions for good design, a comfortable fit, and making sliding knots.

I packaged it all in a transparent jewelry zip-close bag, stapled my product card to the top – and had a nice jewelry making kit.